Tuesday, January 24, 2023

Mongolia and Sindh


  Mongolia and Sindh
  Although the Mughals are also descended from the Mongols, they and the later Arghun and Pathan invaders did to the civilization, economy and people of Sindh what the tyrannical Mongols did to Baghdad.  Baghdad also burned, the fire was not enough for Thatta.  The books of Baghdad were also burnt, the history of Sindh was also burnt in the burning oven.  But the history of the Mongol invasions of Sindh is usually glossed over.  As the windows of the Internet open, pigeons of information fly out of them, bringing messages of information everywhere.  Earlier I wrote some stories about the history of Sindh from Karl Marx's book Notes on Indian History.  On page 20 of the same book, Karl Marx wrote about the Mongol invasion of Sindh: "In 1217, a large Mongol army led by Genghis Khan came from Turan and attacked Khwarazm."  Shah Jalal of Khwarazm attacked him but he was defeated and came to the banks of the river Indus.  None of the kings helped him, (in response) he formed flocks of crows and started plundering the area.  On which Genghis Khan sent a large army to attack Naziruddin's territory of Multan and Sindh, which destroyed the entire region.  After conquering these areas of Multan and Sindh, when the Mongols returned, Sultan Al-Tamish (211-1236 AD) took advantage of this and invaded and included it in his empire and fought against Allah Din in Multan and Sindh.  .  The areas are known as the "Battle of Sindh".  In which it is stated that Genghis Khan was so angry that he sent an army of twenty thousand and then another ten thousand after Jalaluddin's army of a few thousand, but nevertheless Jalaluddin somehow escaped from there and  Jalaluddin kept on raiding for not helping first.  resident.  "Indus War" is also mentioned in Harper's Encyclopedia of Military History, (HarperCollins Publishers, 1993), 366.  In this war, the commander of the Mongols was Bala.  Sindh was strangely divided in this battle.  The people were trampled under the hoofs of the horses of Jalaluddin and the Mongols.  According to the proverb Fighting deaf people.  When Jalal-ud-Din did not get help from the people of Multan and other parts of Sindh against the Mongols, he took out the wrath of the Mongols from the people of Sindh and killed them.  Here again the third calamity of Sultan Al-Tamish came and took these areas under his control.  The second invasion of Sindh by the Mongols came when Halaku Khan called the people of Baghdad in 1258 "Baghdad!"  and were building towers of human sacrifices, at that time one of their generals, Sally Nauyan, went to Bakr Fort after conducting operations in Multan, but there is no evidence that he attacked Bakr's Fort or not.  A few years before this attack, an army of thirty thousand Mongols had destroyed Lahore.

  The history of the Mongols sent by Genghis Khan and Halaku Khan to Multan and the other side of Sindh was not hidden there.  Later, when the Mongols established a vast empire and occupied a large part of China, there is another important reference in history which shows that they arrived at Seohan, the center of Sindh, and at that time they  China was occupied.  The entire area of ​​Seistan.  This is best described in Kishori Saranlal's book History of the Khaljis (1290-1320), which has been copied from Wikipedia and other Internet sources.  The summary of the Mongol invasion is as follows: When India was ruled by the Khalji dynasty and Alauddin Khalji was the king of Delhi after the assassination of his uncle, then Sindh was also called the Delhi region.  stay  The name of the general in Sihon's fortress was Saldi Khan, so it is thought that he was a Mongol fugitive, but he was accompanied by a large army, who came from Mongolia through what is now Turkey to Afghanistan, from where  They attacked and captured.  That part of Sindh There was a Sahib of Sumran in Sindh but they did not have the strength to fight him.  The throne of Delhi did not agree and Alauddin Khilji sent an army under his general Zafar Khan who fought the Mongols at Siuhan and retook the fort from them.  Not only this, many Mongols from the Nagduri tribe were arrested and taken to Delhi.  The Nagduri tribe of the Mongols were dark brown and believed they outnumbered Genghis Khan's tribe, they attacked but were defeated by Khalji's army.  In the books, the Khaljis do not get any help from the Sindhi rulers for this war.  During the 13th century, the Mongols also carried out operations in the Punjab and twice attacked Lahore and its surroundings with an army of thousands.

No comments:

Post a Comment